Economy & Politics

These EU capitals have the highest levels of particulate matter pollution

In some metropolises around the world it is common for the horizon to disappear in the smog. Residents of Seoul, for example, wore face masks outdoors even before the corona pendency when exposed to high levels of fine dust. The air quality in European capitals is not yet that bad. But bad air is also a health risk in the European Union and can therefore become a location factor.

Fine dust are particles that are less than ten micrometers in diameter. They do not immediately sink to the ground due to their small size. Particles smaller than 2.5 micrometers are considered to be particularly dangerous. They can damage the lungs or lead to heart and circulatory diseases. The soot contained in the fine dust is also considered to be highly carcinogenic.

Cities with the worst air

Particulate matter gets into the air primarily through car traffic and building heating. According to the Federal Environment Agency, production processes (especially the manufacture of metals and mineral products) and emissions from trade, commerce and agriculture are less significant.

In a direct comparison of the EU capitals, the number of inhabitants naturally plays a decisive role. For many representatives of this ranking list, however, the size is not the reason for the enormous pollution with fine dust. These EU capitals have the worst air.

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