Psychology5 facts about resilience

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# 1 what is resilience?

Resilience is a kind of mental immune system. “Resilience simply means: Even though I was exposed to severe stress, I stay healthy,” explains Raffael Kalisch from the Leibniz Institute for Resilience Research in an interview with “Psychologie Heute”. During or after difficult situations (e.g. stress at work, separation), mental health is maintained or quickly restored.

# 2 what’s important for that?

The resilience researcher names four important factors that promote resilience:

1. Confidence in your own ability to act even under extreme stress
2. Optimism
3. Social support from family and friends
4. The way of looking at negative events

Despite the very special situation in the corona crisis, according to the researcher, these known factors also seem to work during the pandemic.

# 3 is resilience innate?

No. “It is not a personality trait set in stone,” emphasizes Kalisch. Being resilient is not dictated by genes: “Resilience is in flux and can change. Through experience, through inspiration, through trying things out. “

# 4 But why are some people more resilient?

Although resilience is not innate, some people have an advantage in mental resilience. “If you had good role models in your parents’ house and learned to deal with emotions well from an early age, you have an easier time,” explains the researcher in the interview. In return, neurotic, i.e. emotionally unstable, people could suffer more from difficult situations: “Fate will work
treat us differently. “

# 5 can everyone learn resilience?

According to the scientist, people with disabilities can also learn to become more resilient. “Basically anyone can do it,” emphasizes Kalisch. In principle, humans are a resilient species: “Because the normal response to severe trauma is that most people stay healthy, that they do not develop any post-traumatic stress disorder, depression or anxiety disorder.

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