3.7 million people across Germany worked briefly in September. Baden-Württemberg and Bavaria are particularly hard hit. The reason for this is the great importance of the metal and automotive industries.
Stuttgart – When it comes to short-time work, Baden-Württemberg continues to be strongly affected. 610,000 employees in the southwest received this form of wage replacement benefit in September, that is 13 percent of all employees subject to social insurance, has calculated the renowned Munich-based Ifo Institute. The trend is downwards, but at a high level: In May, just under 1.1 million short-time workers were counted in this state. That was 23 percent of all employees subject to social security contributions.
Bavaria is a state of short-time work
The worst affected by the wage replacement benefit is still Bavaria. There were more than 825,000 employees in September, that is 14 percent of all employees subject to social insurance, the economic researchers counted. By the way: There are very few short-time workers in Thuringia and Saxony-Anhalt. There, working hours were temporarily reduced for only eight percent of all employees.
The number of short-time workers is falling nationwide
The number of short-time workers is falling not only in Baden-Württemberg, but also nationwide. There were just under 7.3 million people in May, and 3.7 million in September. Eleven percent of all employees subject to social insurance are currently still receiving wage replacement. Even if the numbers have now clearly declined, the values remain unchanged – in retrospect – at an extraordinarily high level. During the global financial crisis a good ten years ago, only 1.5 million employees worked significantly less, write the experts from Ifo.
The catering sector is hardest hit
However, not all sectors are equally affected. “In countries with a lot of metal processing, mechanical engineering, car manufacturers and suppliers, there is more short-time work than elsewhere,” says Sebastian Link, who deals with the labor market at the Ifo Institute. The numbers reflect the statement. In the manufacturing sector, an estimated 21 percent of employees were on short-time work in September. In wholesale and retail this value was around nine percent. The catering sector continues to be hardest hit with 26 percent short-time work; however, this value was already 72 percent in May. The smallest amount of short-time work continues to be reported for the finance and insurance industry, where just two percent of employees worked short-time in September.